On the dorsum of the foot, identify the dorsal venous arch . The two largest superficial veins of the lower extremity arise from it. On the medial side of the dorsal venous arch, identify the great saphenous vein, on the lateral side of the dorsal venous arch identify the small saphenous vein.
The great saphenous vein passes anterior to the medial malleolus of the tibia as it crosses the ankle joint. The small saphenous vein passes posterior to the lateral malleolus and onto the posterior aspect of the leg. The further course of the small saphenous vein will be seen when the cadaver is in the prone position.
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