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Laboratory 30. Temporal Bone and Ear
Step 4. The Middle Ear

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With a chisel and hammer, remove the floor of the middle cranial fossa, i.e. the tegmen tympani in order to study the middle ear. Only remove the most superior layer of bone (about 1-2 mm) initially. Subsequently, remove more bone in sequential stages until the middle ear cavity is unroofed.

The middle ear consists chiefly of a narrow, irregular space known as the tympanic (middle ear) cavity. It contains:
  • three ossicles (malleus, incus, stapes)
  • two skeletal muscles (stapedius muscle, tensor tympani muscle)
  • chorda tympani nerve
  • opening of the auditory (Eustachian) tube
  • tympanic membrane (eardrum)

Links and References:
Grant's: 7.137, 7.138, 7.139, 7.140, 7.144, 7.145
Netter: 87, 88, 89
Rohen/Yokochi: 118, 122, 124