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Laboratory 25. Anterior Triangle of the Neck
Step 13. The Superior Thyroid Artery

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The superior thyroid artery arises from the anterior border of the external carotid artery and passes inferiorly to the thyroid gland. Before it reaches the thyroid gland, the superior thyroid artery gives off the superior laryngeal artery which runs with the internal laryngeal nerve to pierce the thyrohyoid membrane.

Links and References:
Grant's: 8.14
Netter: 29
Rohen/Yokochi: 164, 165